Diet is an essential factor for life and well-being. A balanced diet can promote various physical and mental health beneficial effects. The term balanced diet refers to the ability of diet to provide all of the essential macronutrients to the body in well-predefined percentages (i.e. protein around 15-20%, carbohydrates 50-55%, and lipids 30%). In addition, a balanced diet should be able to cover the individual needs in micronutrients (i.e. minerals, and vitamins). The body is able to process the administrated food, absorbing through digestion all nutrients that are of need. Once nutrients are absorbed, they are delivered to the body organs where they participate in different metabolic reactions (depending on the organ).
A Detox plan is able to exert detoxifying effects. The term of detoxifying effect describes the excretion of the toxins from the human body. Toxins in food can be found as antibiotics or hormones, chemicals from food packaging, detergents, food additives, heavy metals, and animal drugs. In a Detox plan the main type of consumed food is unprocessed plant-based food. Therefore, the risk of consuming food toxins is eliminated. In addition, apart from boosting the metabolism, the plant components of a detox plan are rich in dietary fibre regulating the function of guts. Also, the absorbed nutrients help the liver to filter and process the toxins.
During menopause the level of estrogens decreases significantly, resulting in a high risk for bone mass loss that can lead to osteoporosis. In addition, menopause is connected to numerous metabolic changes. The main nutritional target during menopause is the maintenance of a healthy body weight with a simultaneous high intake of calcium, phosphorus, and Vitamin D in order to prevent bone loss. Menopause eating plans are rich in light dairy products, fruits, vegetables and fish. Plant-based oils (phytosterols) are often used during such eating plans, aiming to improve the lipid profile (i.e. increase the ratio of HDL to LDL cholesterol).
Vegetarian & Vegan
Vegan diet plans are rich in plant products and eliminate the consumption of all sources of animal food, while vegetarian plans allow the consumption of dairy products and eggs. Therefore, all of the provided calories and nutrients derive from plant-based foods. Such foods are rich in minerals and vitamins. They prevent most of micronutrient deficiencies. However, problems might occur with calcium, zinc, and iron. If combined in a correct way though, they can supply an adequate amount of those micronutrients as well as of highly bioactive protein. These problems are more intense with vegan diets rather than with vegetarian.
The aim of a healthy weight loss plan is to help in weight control without causing inadequacies of nutrients. A healthy weight loss plan is inherent with a balanced plan. During such plans the daily food consumption is calculated together with the level of physical activity in order to monitor the total energy balance of each day. A healthy weight loss plan includes a variety of foods to ensure adequacy of all nutrients with a concurrent improvement of the quality of consumed lipids and carbohydrates. To avoid health complications, it is important to keep the consumed calories in a higher level than the BMI and to distribute the food intake is during the day in 5-6 small meals.
An unregulated metabolism is a problem that requires time and knowledge to be encountered. It might take up to two years to correct an unbalanced metabolism and it is generally admitted that it’s not an easy task. Anna will be able to understand the problem and she will know inside out all the steps to regulate your metabolism. The main role of a dietitian like Anna can be described by the following words: know, discuss, understand, plan, suggest, support. She will suggest a plan that suits your individual needs and that it will be easy for you to follow.
Lack of time and knowledge about balanced nutrition is the cause that led to high prevalence rates of childhood obesity. Anna helps parents confront their children’s weight problems since she possess deep knowledge about all the different aspects of food: caloric content, quality of perceived calories, and nutritional needs of children depending on their age group. At Cortesi Nutrition we understand the needs and the preferences of children and can individually plan and suggest the most suitable nutritional plan for each case. With any child’s plan we will be innovative, we know how to combine food in order to make it healthy and at the same time tasty, so the probabilities of children to follow the plan are high.
The nutritional needs of athletes or bodybuilders differ a lot from the ones of normal individuals. The daily caloric intake is much higher than other people in order to cover the elevated nutritional needs of these groups. A strict balance of protein, carbohydrate and specific nutrient intake is crucial to be kept. Depending on the type of the workout the needs in these macronutrients and micronutrients differ. Unfortunately, a lot of athletes are not aware of that and they consume extremely high amounts of protein or other substances included in food supplements, while eliminating the consumption of essential ones. Since the excess amount of protein is very hazardous and it has been connected with liver and kidney complications, individuals in the sports world should be extra careful.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
The needs in minerals (calcium, iron, zinc, folic acid) are much more increased during pregnancy. During the first three months of pregnancy the embryo builds its organs and tissues, so the mother needs to follow a high-protein diet. In addition, mothers need to be regularly monitored for gestational diabetes. During breastfeeding and lactation the infant is being fed exclusively from its mother. All nutrients that the mother includes in her diet pass directly to the infant. It has been shown that infants, who have all the essential nutrients during the first months of life, develop a strong immune system that will follow them for the rest of their lives. Integration of a baby to baby-food is a complex process. For instance, celiac disease is connected to false-quick integration of babies to carbohydrates other than the ones present in milk. Dietitians are the scientists who DO know all of those aspects and their role as nutrition counselors is indubitable.
The serious and annoying symptoms of several gastrointestinal diseases (such as Crohn’s disease) can be abridged by following a proper diet. The same is valid for food allergies and food intolerances. A good example is the case of lactose intolerance, where substitution of conventional milk with lactose-free milk or in certain cases consumption of plant based products can prevent from complications of the intolerance. Another example is the one of celiac disease where gluten should be avoided.
Clinical conditions require special attention and coordination between doctors and dietitians. Most of the times, diet can either act as a causing-deteriorating factor (unbalanced diet) or as a preventative-improving measure. Anna can provide patients with healthy nutritional plans in coordination with their specific medication. Depending on the disease or ailment Anna will modify the food content that is daily consumed. For instance, during cardiovascular diseases patients should eliminate the consumption of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol, while increasing the consumption of antioxidants. During diabetes, they should pay more attention to the quality of carbohydrates (simple or complex) and the frequency in their consumption. During anemia, a plan that is rich in iron and folic acid is highly suggested, while the patient will as well be given tips on how to increase the bioavailability of iron (combination of iron-rich vegetables with a source of vitamin C).
Apart from the nutritional counseling, the confrontation of eating disorders requires intensive psychological support. The main cause of eating disorders is related to psychological aspects. In almost all cases of eating disorders a combination of proper diet with concurrent psychological support is needed. If those two factors are not in combination, it is likely that the treatment will not be successful. Dietitians play a key role in such cases. They understand the real cause that has led to the development of an eating disorder and they try to confront it especially working side to side with a clinical psychologist.
Nutritional Analysis and Education
In order to make nutritional work more fascinating, Anna usually conscripts a lot of working tools. Anna develops her own recipes, adjusted in a way that they are both tasty and healthy. Seminars and group discussions are as well very common and very useful for public education in the field of nutrition. In this way, individuals can actively participate and educate themselves on what is beneficient to eat and what is not. Make sure you participate in Anna’s seminars and workshops that will help you improve your knowledge on nutrition and healthy eating.